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The Campylobacteriosis Enigma: A ‘One Health’ Approach

On Friday, November 15, 2013 Dr. Doug Inglis, Senior Research Scientist from Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada will discuss the campyobacteriosis enigma: a one health approach. Dr. Inglis’ seminar ties into the UCVM strategic research priority of cattle health.  He is a microbial ecologist with general interests in the ecology of bacteria, fungi and protozoa including the study of zoonotic pathogens of humans. 

In conversation with Dr. Doug Inglis:

In lay terms, tell us about your research and its impact.

The project is designed to understand the epidemiology of campylobacteriosis (i.e. acute inflammatory disease of the intestine incited by the bacterium, Campylobacter jejuni). Understanding the epidemiology of disease (e.g. identification of pathogenic strains, reservoirs of human-pathogenic strains, and the mechanisms of pathogen transmission) is critical to developing effective mitigation strategies. Our project is using southwestern Alberta, a region with very high rate of campylobacteriosis as a model agroecosystem.

What are the three take away messages you want the audience to leave with?

  • Campylobacter jejuni infects a large number of Albertans (?1% annually), and infection rates are greatly underestimated using conventional detection methods.
  • Campylobacteriosis rates are very high in southwestern Alberta (higher than both the national and provincial averages), and this region is an ideal location to elucidate cardinal aspects of the epidemiology of campylobacteriosis toward developing effective mitigation strategies applicable to other locales.
  • The epidemiology of campylobacteriosis is complex, and requires a multifactorial and multidisciplinary approach within a One Health framework.

What else are you working on / researching?

Other currently funded research projects include: (i) development of novel animal models for studying intestinal health; (ii) mechanisms by with dietary fiber influences the intestinal health of Canadians; (iii) employing a biorationale-based approach to develop alternatives to antimicrobial growth promoters in livestock; (iv) development of novel peptide/protein delivery strategies for intestinal health; and (v) development of on-farm mitigation strategies to mitigate zoonotic enteric pathogens.

Presented on November 15, 2013.